KTU B.TECH S3 THERMODYNAMICS BY P K NAG
Chapter-3: Work and Heat Transfer
Chapter-4: First Law of Thermodynamics
Chapter-5: First Law Applied to Flow Process
Chapter-6: Second Law of Thermodynamics
Chapter-8: Availability & Irreversibility
Chapter-9: Properties of Pure Substances
Chapter-10: Properties of Gases and Gas Mixture
Chapter-11: Thermodynamic Relations
Chapter-12: Vapour Power Cycles
Chapter-13: Gas Power Cycles
Chapter-14: Refrigeration Cycles
Some Important Notes
- Microscopic thermodynamics or statistical thermodynamics.
- Macroscopic thermodynamics or classical thermodynamics.
- A quasi-static process is also called a reversible process.
Intensive and Extensive Properties
Intensive property: Whose value is independent of the size or extent i.e. mass of the system.
e.g., pressure p and temperature T.
Extensive property: Whose value depends on the size or extent i.e. mass of the system (upper case letters as the symbols).
e.g., Volume, Mass (V, M).
If mass is increased, the value of extensive property also increases.
e.g., volume V, internal energy U, enthalpy H, entropy S, etc.
Specific property: It is a special case of an intensive property.
It is the value of an extensive property per unit mass of system. (Lower case letters as symbols) e.g: specific volume, density (v, ρ).
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