Sunday, December 2, 2018

KTU B.Tech S7 Lecture Notes Distributed generation and smart grids

KTU B.Tech S7 Lecture Notes Distributed generation and smart grids

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Module I
Distributed generation – Introduction - Integration of distributed
generation to Grid – Concepts of Micro Grid - Typical Microgrid
configurations - AC and DC micro grids - Interconnection of
Microgrids - Technical and economical advantages of Microgrid -
Challenges and disadvantages of Microgrid development
Smart Grid: Evolution of Electric Grid - Definitions and Need for
Smart Grid, Opportunities, challenges and benefits of Smart
Grids

Module II 
Distributed energy resources: Introduction - Combined heat and
power (CHP) systems - Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems – Wind
energy conversion systems (WECS) - Small-scale hydroelectric
power generation - Storage devices: Batteries: Lead acid, nickel
metal hydrate, and lithium ion batteries , ultra-capacitors,
flywheels Control of Microgrids: Introduction to Central Controller (CC)and Microsource Controllers (MCs) - Control functions for
microsource controller, Active and reactive power control,
Voltage control, Storage requirement for fast load tracking, Load
sharing through power-frequency control

Module III 
Protection issues for Microgrids: Introduction, Islanding,
Different islanding scenarios, Major protection issues of stand-
alone Microgrid - Impact of DG integration on electricity market,
environment, distribution system, communication standards and
protocols. Smart Grid: Components – NIST Smart Grid Reference
Architecture Introduction to Smart Meters, Electricity tariff – one part tariff, two tariff and maximum demand tariff - Dynamic pricing: time-of-use (TOU) pricing, critical-peak pricing (CPP) and Real Time Pricing- Automatic Meter Reading(AMR), Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicles(PHEV), Vehicle to Grid, Smart Sensors, Home & Building Automation. Intelligent Electronic Devices (IED) and their application formonitoring & protection, Wide Area Measurement System(WAMS), Phase Measurement Unit (PMU).

Module IV
 Smart energy efficient end use devices-Smart distributed energy
resources- Load Curves-Load Shaping Objectives-Methodologies
- Peak load shaving - Energy management-Role of technology in
demand response- Demand Side Management – Numerical
Problems


Module V
Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), Home Area Network
(HAN), Neighborhood-Area Networks (NANs), Sensor and
Actuator Networks (SANETs)
Smart Substations, Substation Automation, IEC 61850 Substation

Architecture, Feeder Automation.

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